Use of IVAP data to inform programs
IVAP provides the most up-to-date data on conflict TDPs in north-west Pakistan and therefore is highly recommended as being the source of data on which organizations should base their programming decisions. It prevents organizations having to gather their own data and ensures that programs target the most vulnerable TDP families, thus ensuring equity of assistance. Donors are now increasingly recognizing IVAP as being the most reliable information source on which to design and plan interventions.
Through the process of collecting data on every TDP family residing in KP, IVAP has accumulated some key findings and recommendations for humanitarian partners to take forwards. The following recommendations relate to off-camp TDPs residing in KP.
99% of TDPs in displacement are living off-camp.
Recommendation: Assistance for TDPs in KP should be prioritized to the off-camp families to respond to the need.
The majority of families still displaced in different districts of KPK originate from Khyber, Orakzai, South Waziristan and North Waziristan. Many of these families have been in displacement since 2008, and before (due to sectarian reasons).
Recommendation: Many families have been displaced for many years and this protracted caseload needs assistance still after the returns, as these families cannot return to their places of origin due to various reasons of insecurity. IVAP analysis indicates that the vulnerability of off-camp TDP families increases over time as they undertake several negative coping mechanisms in order to be able to afford to live off-camp, further justifying the need to support to the protracted caseload of families.
More than 55% of off-camp TDP families pay rent. Faced with this scenario, many families end up crowding into one small house to share the cost, resulting in very cramped conditions.
Recommendation: A strong recommendation is that rent assistance (through cash grants, cash for work etc.) is provided to families to support with the cost of rent, keeping in focus the family size.
61% of families survive on daily wage labor and the majority of families’ combined monthly income is 2,500–5,000 PK.
Recommendation: Support to these families, for example with livelihood training, cash for work, cash grants etc. to facilitate them to rely on a more reliable and sustainable income source.
66% of families have poor and borderline food consumption scores. Many families struggle to afford sufficient food supplies to support their family members. They often have to borrow food, purchase food on debt, or skip meals to be able to survive. Some families are part of an extended family system and often have to share food rations between many family members (due to having CNIC duplicate family numbers which prevent them from registering as separate families).
Recommendation: These families should be provided with food supplements, food vouchers, seeds and tools as requested etc. to support with their livelihoods. Cash grants would also support these families to not purchase food on debts (a commonly quoted negative coping mechanism).
61% children do not attend school. .
Recommendation: Off-camp education services should be made more accessible for TDPs children.
50% of families are not able to access a formal latrine at home and share latrines or defecate openly. Where 70% of TDP families said that there is no separate latrine facilities for female.
Recommendation: WASH assistance should target communities which highlight having particularly poor access to water and sanitation services. Hygiene kits and WASH related NFIs should be given to protracted TDPs as some of them received 2-3 years ago. Hygiene promotion is another important element for the affected communities which needs to be priorities in host locations of KP.
23% of families walk over 5km to access healthcare.
Recommendation: Healthcare should be provided in the form of Mobile health unit to communities reporting long distances to access health facilities.